Every building has several doors for entry and exits out of the house. Doors provide security for humans and properties within a building. They also add beauty and glamour to a house.
Replacing an exterior door in a building will help to lower the costs of cooling and heating. Every house is fitted with the exterior (outside) doors and interior (inside) doors. Engaging the services of a door repair is necessary to ensure that doors are in good shape.
The Tools and Materials Needed for Door Repair Projects
The tools and materials needed to repair and install a door include:
- Measuring tape and safety glasses.
- Caulk gun and hammer.
- Leather gloves and hearing protection.
- Putty knife and reciprocating saw.
- Cordless drill or driver.
- Pry bar and countersink drill.
- 4 feet level and 3 inches screws.
- Wood shims.
- New door or old door (for repair)
- Polyurethane caulk.
- Lock and door latch.
- Galvanized nails (16d)
- Small foam.
How to Install a Door
Learn how to install doors and engage in DIY projects at home or office without spending much money on door repairs. The installation process depends on the type of door at hand and where they will be fixed. There are glass doors, wooden doors, aluminium doors, and steel doors.
Here is a general procedure for installing every door:
Examine and Prepare the Rough Hollow Space
Begin by examining the rough hollow space and ensure it is bigger than the new door with at least two inches. Before installing the door, ensure the subsill is levelled and the hollow space is plumb. The floor under the door is the subsill. Use wooden shims or bevelled board and prepare it.
Maintain the necessary thickness on the floor surface by applying a spacer board. The subsill, where the sill is placed should measure one inch at the back and front. Extend the caulk over the rough frames by two inches. More information about renovation tips you will find on the page of our friends https://door-repair-toronto.ca/.
Fixing and Fitting the Door
- The door jamb should have at least six door brackets fitted into it.
- Put some shims below the door after fixing the door into the hollow space. This will protect the finished floor from scratches.
- Place the lower part of the door into the opening first. Continue by pushing and forcing the door into a proper position.
- Level the jamb by tacking nails through the location of the hinges. Begin from the upper part and ensure all hinge locations are nailed but don’t drive the nails deeper into the jamb.
- Fit the door snugly into the hinge jamb by nailing it with sixteen finishing nails.
Level and Secure the Door Using Shims
Here are the ways to plumb and level a door using shims:
- Secure the frame of your door with shims.
- Place a wooden shim at the back of the hinge attachment on the door frame. That is where the door will be attached to the opening.
- Ensure the door is plumb on both sides of the jamb by adjusting the frame and shims together.
- The edge of the door and the jamb must have a space of eighteen inches approximately.
- The weatherstripping placed at the frame and front of the door must have an even contact. Check and be assured of proper swinging by opening and closing the door.
- Fix a strong shim at the back of the lock strike location.
- At the hinge locations, three inches screw should be fastened through the shims and used in securing the jambs. With this procedure, use nails or screws in protecting the other jambs around the door.
- At the lock strike location, fix nails or screws through the shim to make it firm.
- Avoid distorting and destroying the surface of the frame by installing the nails or screws through the shims.
Insulate the door and Caulk the Edges
After installation, insulate the door to make it durable and snug by following these procedures:
- Using low expansion foam or fibreglass insulation, pad and protect the door frame.
- Fix the interior trim and caulk all the edges.
- Where the outside wall joins the brick mould, apply brick mould to insulate it.
At the base of the door, the weatherstrip should be fitted according to the instructions provided.